NEPUBLIKOVANÉ HROBOVÉ NÁLEZY Z 10. A 11. STOROČIA Z JUŽNÉHO A ZÁPADNÉHO SLOVENSKA
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Unpublished 10th and 11th century grave finds from South and West Slovakia
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The study presents archaeological sources from the 16 sites from the territory of West and South Slovakia. Most of them are hitherto unpublished, sporadic and often fragmentarily researched grave complexes, which date roughly to the 10th century and up to the beginning of the 12th century. Some of the finds come from 10th century Old Hungarian equestrian graves (Cabaj-Čápor - position 1, Komárno, Košice, Lukáčovce and Sereď). However, most of the finds belong to graves of gregarious people (Cabaj-Čápor - position 2, Dolná Streda, Hosťovce, Lúčnica nad Žitavou - part Martinová, Očkov, Skačany, Sládkovičovo - part Malá Mača, Veľké Kosihy, Veľké Lovce, Zlatná na Ostrove and Žitavce). Based on the historic names of the villages Veľké Kosihy and Žitavce, the population buried in the graves belonged to the Old Hungarian tribe Keszi or Gyarmat. Due to the objective and subjective reasons, many artefacts as well as grave and cemetery ground plans have not been included in the publications presenting the results of excavations carried out on these sites. We have now in many cases completed the existing source fund with new partial knowledge of the published cemeteries. Special attention should be given to two equestrian graves from cemetery Sereď I, which were not included in the publication presenting all 10th century of grave finds. We also provide the most comprehensive description and drawing documentation of a sabre and a silver metal tip of a scabbard, which were found near Košice. Unfortunately, we have not yet managed to localize a large part of Old Hungarian finds from the equestrian graves deposited in Podunajské museum in K omárno. In some of the graves of gregarious people we have detected and consequently identified the exact position of the site (Hosťová, Veľké Kosihy, Veľké Lovce, Zlatná na Ostrove and Žitavce).
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