MILLS AS MONUMENTS IN POLAND - PROTECTION OF CULTURAL HERITAGE IN SITU AND IN OPEN-AIR MUSEUMS
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The paper presents the results of research on the history of protection of mills as objects of cultural heritage on Polish lands. First, the spatial distribution of over 20 thousand of mills at the beginning of the previous century is characterised, then the main actions undertaken for their protection in the 19th and 20th centuries are discussed. Merely 3.4% of mills that worked in the past are now protected as monuments and recorded in the national register. Most of them remain in their original locations (in situ), and another 71 windmills and 22 watermills have been relocated to open-air museums. These specific institutions face a particularly important task involving the necessity to retain the original functionality of mills.
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- Polish Academy of Sciences, Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization Department of Environmental Resources and Geohazards, ul. Kopernika 19, 87-100 Toruń, Poland, firstname.lastname@example.org
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