Uwarunkowania środowiskowe, produkcyjne i ekonomiczneuprawy roślin na cele energetyczne
ENVIRONMENTAL, PRODUCTION AND ECONOMIC CONDITIONS OF CROP PRODUCTION FOR ENERGY PURPOSES
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Sustainable Energy Development Strategy requires increasing renewable energy share in total energy production. Bioenergy crops – which area is increasing in Poland and other European Union countries – can be controversial from the social, economic and environmental point of view. However, numerous studies conducted all over the world show that this anxiety is partly unjustified. Dispersed energetics and low-cost biomass production can reduce the risk of energy production cost increase. Other studies show that bioenergy crops do not harm environment. On the contrary – they benefit it by buffering soil water reservoir, increasing beneficial organisms biodiversity and extracting soil nutrients unavailable for other plants. Additionally, our research prove, that many bioenergy plant varieties, resistant to pathogens and pests and suitable for our climate, can grow without much pesticide use. Therefore, there is no reason to turn back from switching to alternative energy sources and it is important to inform about recent biomass research and opinions.
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