POMĚR STÁTU A VEŘEJNOSTI K OSUDU SYNAGOG, ŽIDOVSKÝCH HŘBITOVŮ, A DALŠÍCH ŽIDOVSKÝCH BUDOV V ČESKÝCH ZEMÍCH PO ŠOA (LÉTA 1945 – 1956). (REKONSTRUKCE NA ZÁKLADĚ VYBRANÝCH PRAMENŮ I ODBORNÉ LITERATURY)
Attitude of the state and public towards the fate of synagogues, Jewish cemeteries and other Jewish buildings in the Czech lands after the Shoah (1945 – 1956) (Reconstruction based on the selected sources and scholarly literature)
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This study maps the state of Jewish monuments and buildings after the Shoah. A number of synagogues and cemeteries in the border region had already been destroyed during the so-called Crystal Night and in the years of existence of the Reich’s Sudeten region. The Jewish monuments and buildings were also devastated on the territory of the Protectorate, where Jewish property was confiscated. After the liberation, it was impossible to solve the problem of the dismal state of the monuments and buildings. The catastrophic situation was made worse by the policy of so-called public interest, which the state organs had already begun to apply during the so-called natural restitutions from 1946 to 1948. After the February Revolution came a phase of open expropriation of church property and property of religious communities. The undignified exploitation of synagogues, devastation and also abolition of Jewish cemeteries and seizure of Jewish real estate continued. By symbolic recodification of meaning and through the physical disappearance of a number of Jewish monuments and buildings from the public space, the last evidences of the multi-cultural of the pre-war Czech space were disappearing. This paper analyses the mechanisms of power, its modes of argumentation, and minority attempts at defence.
133 – 150
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