Dialog z islamem w nauczaniu papieża Pawła VI
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The dialogue with Islam in the teaching of Pope Paul VI
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The opening of the Catholic Church to dialogue with other religions has its roots in the Second Vatican Council (1962–1965). Declaration on the Relation of the Church to Non-Christian Religions Nostra Aetate announced on 28th October 1965 started the process of the Church’s re-orientation towards, among others, Islam (number 3 refers to its followers). Noteworthy is the establishment of the Secretariat for Non-Christians (since 1988 the Pontifical Council for Interreligious Dialogue) in 1964 by Pope Paul VI, whose task was to conduct a dialogue with non-Christian believers in God. In 1974, he appointed, within the Secretariat, the Commission for Religious Relations with Islam. This article discusses the teaching of Pope Paul VI, who took up the challenge of the Council, giving importance to the interreligious dialogue, including the dialogue with Muslims. It indicates the areas in which, according to Paul VI, there is a need for dialogue. Especially noteworthy are the documents announced by Pope Paul VI, discussing the problem of this dialogue, including: Encyclical Ecclesiam Suam (1964) and Populorum Progressio (1967), apostolic exhortations Postrema sessio (1965) and Evangelii nuntiandi (1975). During the apostolic pilgrimages, among others, to the Holy Land (1964), Fatima (1967) and Turkey (1967), Pope Paul VI appealed for the dialogue, peace and cooperation among people over all divisions. The article also mentions the onset of speeches by Pope Paul VI for the World Day of Peace. It also underlines the appointment of the Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace Iustitia et Pax, discusses the specificity of its activity and lists the documents issued by it. Due to the commitment to peace, Paul VI has been nicknamed the „Pope of Peace”. The article emphasizes that the peace activity between religions and peoples during the pontificate of the Pope takes place in the political dimension of interreligious dialogue..
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