NEMECKÉ ŠTÁTNE REFORMNÉ REÁLNE GYMNÁZIUM V LEVOČI V 20. A 30. ROKOCH 20. STOROČIA A AKTIVITY JEHO ŠTUDENTOV V SPOLKU PFADFINDERVEREIN
German state reformed secondary school in Levoča in the 1920s and 1930s and activities of its students in the association Pfadfinderverein
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The article is focuses on the German state reformed secondary school in the 20s and 30s of the 20th century from its inception to the completion of its activities. This example shows the development of the German education during the first Czechoslovak Republic. The focus is not only on teachers, pupils and the structure of curricula, but also on extra-curricular activities of students and the closely related issue of German Scouts movement. In this regard, the contribution deals also with the formation, organization and development of the German Scout Association “Verein der Pfadfinder in der Slowakei” in the Spiš, which was founded in 1932 by the group of students of the German grammar school in Levoča. Attention is paid to the principles of this association (for example, the principle of racial purity) which were contrary to the principles of civil society in Czechoslovakia. In addition, this contribution approaches also the provocative behaviour of the German youth in the Spiš at the beginning of the thirties and the incompatibility between the members of the association and the students who did not belong to the association. A part of the paper is devoted to a change in perception of the German youth as a result of Hitler’s influence on the movement. The association of “Verein der Pfadfinder in der Slowakei” affected in many ways the civil relations in Levoča during the third decade of the 20th century. Particularly, it was the affirmation of the principles that were contrary to the principles of democratic society, as well as the negative attitude and bullying of students of Jewish religious community by members of the Pfadfinderverein at the state German reformed secondary school in Levoča. Prohibition of activities of Pfadfinderverein and subsequent investigation and prosecution of many of its members were proof that the social climate in Levoča was not in favour of developing similar extreme ideologies.
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