STÁLE AKTUÁLNY VIZIONÁR ANTONIO GRAMSCI
Antonio Gramsci – an ever-timely visionary
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The paper analyses the main theoretical resources of what is called the practical philosophy of A. Gramsci, with an emphasis on the philosophy of history associated with collective will and historicism. Gramsci‘s contribution is updated and compared with the statements made by his predecessors, contemporaries, neo-Marxist followers, ideological opponents as well as contemporary philosophers. The mission of this paper is to recall the message of the neglected and ignored representative of cultural Marxism. According to Gramsci, the human being is a process of his actions, philosophy in human action, the historical process is governed by collective will, which results from wills and deeds and the truth is objectively given, and is independent of where and when it is recognized. The central motif is practical transformation of the world through art and philosophy, that is, through what is named cultural hegemony, which will transform itself from an elitist culture into a culture for all human beings. Gramsci‘ s philosophy is a unique fusion of Croce’s idealistic and spiritual understanding of the philosophy of history with the theory of Marxism.
93 – 105
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