Bizantyński ideał władcy i jego staroruskie rozwinięcie w świetle Pouczenia księcia kijowskiego Włodzimierza Monomacha
The Byzantine Concept of Ideal Ruler and its Old Russian Reflection in the Instruction of Vladimir Monomakh, the Grand Prince of Kievan Rus’
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The main propose of this article is to present political views of Vladimir Monomakh, the Grand Prince of Kievan Rus’ in the first quarter of the 12th century. His Instruction (also known as Testament) is recorded in the Laurentian Chronicle under the year 1096, apparently having been interpolated into chronicle after the prince’s death. It can be divided into two parts: admonition to the children and autobiographic notes. Vladimir (son of the Byzantine princess) had considerable erudition and an excellent knowledge of the Scriptures, writings of the Holy Fathers. Byzantine and Old Bulgarian (Old-Church-Slavonic) literature. His admonitions are interspersed with quotations from the Psalms and from St. Basil. It must, however, be added that Vladimir Monomakh was not a theorist, there are in work no abstract contemplations on the duties of the ruler, but description of his own deeds as a prince, warrior and hunter. Vladimir Monomakh was conscious of the fact that the general Christian principles should be observed first of all by those who had been appointed by God as rulers. He wrote, that a ruler should be a good administrator and a good general. His attitude towards people must be full of mercy, justice and respect.
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