The author presents the thesis according to which pedagogy, as a scientific discipline needs philosophy to build contexts and to deepen its own research subject, whereas philosophy does not need pedagogy to build contexts and to deepen its own research subject,. For this reason, between the contemporary philosophy and pedagogy, treated as scientific disciplines, we have a constitutive asymmetry of mutual “exchange” and mutual influence. The search for mutual complementarity of philosophical and pedagogical thought must be done at a higher level of integration in the horizon of thinking about the historical, social, cultural or civilizational. It is here, where it exposes the fact of nonreducible dimension of experience of mutual easements and necessity of philosophy and pedagogy; the philosophical in the pedagogical, and the pedagogical in the philosophical. The old Greek idea of paideia invariably becomes a non-problematic meeting place and penetration of the philosophical and the pedagogical.