The Kingdom of Spain is a constitutional monarchy based on parliamentary democracy. Throughout the last decades, especially since General Franco’s death, the Spanish government has been undertaking attempts to introduce a school system reform. The matter of education, like all other aspects of citizens’ lives, is connected with an unceasing political discourse. The basic outline of the education programme is similar to the Polish one. Educación infantile, i.e. kindergarten education, is noncompulsory, free and divided into two stages: first stage up to the age of three – day care, second stage between the ages of three and six – kindergarten. Compulsory education at a primary school in Spain is started at the age of six. Educación primaria – a primary school is compulsory and free. It is divided into three stages, each of which is two years long. Education in this period lasts from the age of six to the age of twelve.