Security and law practice in Slovakia is confronted with the phenomenon of rejecting the performance of extraordinary service on the one hand and the potential of performing a voluntary military service. Practical implementation of the Arbitration Obligation stipulated in Act no. 570/2005 Z.z. about the new obligations in the wording of later regulations gets new impulses. The identification of these aspects as an object of investigation creates a perspective platform for a comprehensive assessment (identification, analysis and evaluation) of named phenomena that can help to protect the state’s interest in the exercise of state authority, in particular for the maintenance of peace, security and defense of the state and to prevent the illegal conduct of citizens, Against civilian service, against service in the armed forces, and against the defense of the homeland.