For ages, the contemporary world has generated a variety of dangers that a contemporary man has to tackle with. The problems are of interdisciplinary character. Nowadays, a huge development of medicine can be observed. It began at the turn of the 19th century when the industrialization took place. However, recreation, meaning active relax taken willingly in leisure time, has always been considered as the best way to maintain good psychophysical condition. Majority of societies is not aware of the beneficial aspects of active form of relaxing. Recreational activity may significantly influence human organism. It positively affects the nervous, respiratory, locomotive, digestive and circulatory system. Thus, it can be concluded that this kind of activity constitutes a panacea of almost every problem of a contemporary man. This paper discusses the aspect of recreation, its definition, types, functions and different factors influencing its performance. In addition, it focuses on the circulatory system as well as on associated diseases which, may be prevented through recreational activity.