The article, based on theoretical and analytical research, discusses family pedagogy as one of pedagogical sub-disciplines. Family, the main research subject of family pedagogy, has been presented in many aspects and contexts, particularly as an educational environment that performs educational tasks and functions. Current issues of family pedagogy considered in the article include: transformation processes of modern family, educational function of the family and its conditions as well as threats to child raising. New research areas of family pedagogy comprise such categories as parenthood and childhood. They allow us to analyse the family and its functions from different perspective – in theoretical, empirical and methodological contexts.