The article tries to provide an answer to whether it is possible and viable to establish a universal criminal law applicable worldwide. The author focuses on the relationship between culture and law. Special attention is devoted to the area of criminal law and the influence of cultural backgrounds in different societies, which makes an impact on controversial topics, and sometimes becomes a subject matter of penal law. The article considers issues linked to philosophy of law and comparative law, seeking answers in various doctrines and worldviews. It contains some reflections about globalization, considering it as a material process related to the evolution of legal orders. In conclusion, the author sets out to describe the evolution that has led to the creation of the existing system of international criminal law, and attempt to predict the future of legal cooperation in criminal matters.