This article deals with the co-operation of the Unit of Theory of Aesthetic Education with the International Society for Education through Art (INSEA) in historical and contemporary perspectives. It also reflects upon the role of art education in contemporary educational movement. The reflection is based on the analysis of contemporary trends in this field, including the reports from selected INSEA congresses. The collected material allows us to present important theoretical contexts of art education and to explore practical solutions in this area of education. The remarks refer to more than fifty years of cooperation of the Department of Theory of Aesthetic Education with INSEA and concern various forms of cooperation of an international organisation with European institutions.