Hermeneutic approach in pedagogy refers to two following areas: to methodology of research and to theory of education. Hermeneutics denied the objectivity of knowledge in the humanities. Actually the purpose of hermeneutic pedagogy is not the search for evidence supporting the objective notions, but the search for legitimate interpretations in the sphere of educational reality. The aim of this paper is to define the foundational methods of such legitimization. Statements proper for hermeneutic pedagogy are not objective in the positivistic sense; they should have the virtue of intersubjectivity and be open to verification. Methods of legitimization ought to embrace various understandings of educational reality in the form of cultural text and social behavior. The other field of hermeneutic research in pedagogy is the hermeneutic theory of education. It is focused on the category of understanding as the ground of education. In this case the pedagogy’s aim is to balance the subjectivism rooted in the ontology of understanding. It may be achieved through the emphasis laid on intersubjectivity of understanding, both in its dialogical and communicative aspects.