Scientific studies carried out in the field of temporal psychology present a growing number of data suggesting an important role of a balanced temporal perspective in social and emotional adaptation of an individual. The current study attempted to empirically replicate a result suggesting a key role of temperament’s characteristics in the development of temporal balance. The novel character of erformed analysis took into account a new differentiating construct – dimensions of temporal metacognition. The study employed 115 participants. They filled in the personality quetsionnaire FCZ-KT, Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory, which measures individual differences in temporal percpectives and a temporal metacognition scale (TMCS). The analysis point to a significant role of temperament’s traits – emotional reactivity and liveliness – in the shaping of temporal balance. Moreover, it was shown that the relationship between temperament and balanced temporal perspective are mediated fully by the dimensions of temporal metacognition – metacognitive temporal control and goaloriented temporal continuity. Importantly, the first of these dimensions turned out to be conditioned by the temperament to a far larger degree than the second one (42% vs. 4% of the mediated variability). The result allows a conclusion of a various basis of the two aspects of metacognition: temperamental – in the case of control, and non-temperamental (cognitive or experiencebased) – in the case of continuity. Temporal metacognition can, therefore, be a mechanism responsible for relationships between temperament and balanced temporal perspective described in the field literature.