What do young people and adults learn from a visit of a Concentration Camp – Memorial? That’s the initial question of the following abstract. A total of 30 interviews and refl exion papers have been analyzed. To get an idea it is decisive to build up cognitive empathy and the understanding of the decision making of victims, off enders, followers, profiteers and observers in order to analyze their actions. Mayring’s qualified content analysis was used to study all interviews. The target group was the fourth generation aft er Auschwitz. The research group could demonstrate the changes which happened during and after the visit. Has Auschwitz never been imaginable? The visitors showed strong emotions after seeing Auschwitz and clearly support the preservation of the memorial and strongly dismissed the belittlement of the holocaust.