The problem of poverty is important, but very difficult, because it concerns a change of thinking about being together. I introduced this problem to students of the third class of a primary school. I began part of these lessons with a fairy tale ‘A girl with matches’. We were talking about the poverty of existence and intellectual and mental poverty. Another problem was getting accustomed to the phenomenon of poverty. We finished our lessons with the reflection concerning the press articles: ‘A girl with matches’, ‘I provide for my mother and father’, ‘200 million children work’. We summarized our work with the conclusion: it is necessary to teach children how to get used to poverty and how to be sensitive to it. When they want to help they should remember to be reasonable.