Siergiej Juliewicz Witte (1849–1915) was the prominent Russian statesman. He was the first Prime Minister in the history of that country. During the reign of Alexander III and at the beginning of rule of Nicolaus II, he was the follower of samodierżawije, but gradually started supporting constitutional system. This ideological change was a result of Russian – Japanese war and of 1905 revolution. He was an author of October manifesto. Local government criticized the institution of samodzierżawije, but he incorporated it in a constitutional system. He declared for individual estate and for liquidation of landed estate/community. He created the conditions for the industrialization process in Russia. Siergiej Witte criticized Russian participation in the 1st World War.