The article is an attempt to look at the current local security’s shape, its contemporary conditions, possibilities and limitations. The influence of the socio-political environment on the condition of local security is a regular phenomenon, provided that this environment creates optimal conditions for the shape of the security of local communities. Factors changing this environment are often beyond local communities that have no impact on this environment. In Polish conditions, ‘locality’ is related to the activities of local government units. Municipalities and counties are local self-government communities. These units have the greatest impact on the formation and activity of smaller formal and informal local communities. The author’s intention is to note these positive and negative conditions of local security, with an indication of the entities exerting the greatest influence on local security.