The mining activities induces the growth should be a holistic notion that encompasses the progressive development in the quality of individual’s life in terms of food, clothing and shelter and the environment for a healthy living with rising longevity of life and happiness. In West Bengal the development process reveals the indications and effects of widening inequalities between the “haves‟ and “have-nots‟ and the growing deprivation of the vulnerable and marginalized sectors of the population. There are very small trickle down effects of the economic development associated with this model of growth. But when it is necessary to undertake development projects that engage the displacement of communities, it is indispensable that these projects obtain the legal permission and support of the people who are affected and that in return for giving up their land and homes they receive priority if not exclusive rights to the benefits emanating from these projects. For the proposed work the area of the study is South Bengal which includes one district namely West Burdwan which has the highest concentration of several industries in West Bengal, India. Both descriptive and analytical approach is proposed for the study. As a tool an interview schedule is prepared to collect primary information from the people.