Abstract The school's main task is to assist children in their comprehensive development. The implementation of this task requires an individual approach to a student, taking into account the student’s abilities, interests, development rate, and cognitive activity. In order to meet these requirements, teachers seek organizational solutions facilitating individualization of the didactic process. One of the concepts that the Dalton Plan is referring to because of many of its advantages is the attitude to the individual needs of the child. It ensures actual individualization of the education process, leading to independent learning of a child, which guarantees the success of students in lifelong learning This article presents the results of a study on perception of independence by students who were given the opportunity to develop it. For the students’ independence it is important how the teachers identify students’ independence abilities. This teachers' attitude can foster or inhibit the children's natural drive to develop independence in many areas. The article points to the role of the teacher’s preparation for implementation of pedagogical concepts because the superficial implementation, without a thorough, broad understanding of its principles, will not bring the expected results.