The Reasons for Failures in the Reform of Law-Enforcement Agencies and Lessons for the Future
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Global democratic changes affect the law enforcement system that should guide public authorities to create the right conditions for citizens to exercise their rights and freedoms. The Concept of Development of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, adopted in 1996, carried a package of reforms that were sufficient for the time being provided their implementation had been timely. However, a variety of social, economic and political failures led to the situation when the level of development of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine as a whole remained virtually the same, but the reform process acquired negative traits. In the XXI century, interest in reforms increased: there was a plan of action for the restructuring of the internal affairs bodies at the central and local levels and the Commission on reforming law enforcement agencies in Ukraine was established. Yet, specific changes didn’t follow — the lack of consistency and professionalism in the development of a new legal framework and effective concept could be observed for almost a whole decade. However, it was possible to introduce regulatory and legal, structural and institutional changes, as well as to implement a number of positive steps to ensure full consideration of citizens’ petitions about crimes and other events. There have been qualitative changes to the work of police officers and units were radically re-equipped, which not only improved working conditions for officers, but also the conditions of detention for offenders. At the same time, a long term plan of action was developed by the Interior Ministry of Ukraine in the sphere of European and Euro-Atlantic integration and cooperation. However, due to the incompleteness in the implementation of the reforms, many unresolved problems remain and these hinder further development.
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