THE NEED FOR COMPREHENSIVE AND INTERDISCIPLINARY ACTION TO CONTEMPORARY SECURITY IN THE CONTEXT OF SECTORAL RISKS
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The authors in their article took up issues of contemporary threats, of which the most important were: • Activities of Islamic state, inspiring and making attacks in Europe. • Uncontrolled wave ofrefugeesfrom war zonesto European Union countries. • Imperial and aggressive policy of Russia. • Anti-democratic developments in Turkey, after a failed coup. Based on the indicated specific situations they explained the risks and meaning we give to the concept of security today. They discussed many aspects and complexities of these issues using the classification introduced by Barry Buzan, the main representative of the so-called School of Stockholm. He expressed the view that because of the subject of interest, security as well as the threat is of a sectoral nature. The authors pointed out that despite the separation of the various security sectors the efforts to ensure security must be comprehensive and interdisciplinary. This is due to the fact that there are no risks that would exist only in one area. Usually they penetrate the different spheres of social and economic life. In their view, the lack of such broad and diverse activities can lead to a situation in which, despite activities in neutralizing threats the desired affects are not achieved. Authors using an example such as this one from Western countries on the imperial policy of Russia prove the thesis that the lack of multisector activities in relation to Russia’s aggressiveness means that they are ineffective. They also point to the specific undertakings that could be taken to ensure the security of NATO countries and Russia to refrain from the escalation of threats, especially for their nearest neighbors, including Poland.
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