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2017 | 25(25) | 46-69

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1. Objective The objective of this article is to present EU legislation in relation to natural gas. For this purpose, the author shows the legal aspects of the issue of European Union energy policy in the field of natural gas with a detailed discussion of each of the acts. Beginning with the Treaty establishing the European Coal and Steel Community, the author presents the legal regulations relating to the natural gas market introduced in individual treaties. Close attention is devoted to discussing the impact of art. 194 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union on energy policy of the Union. The next part focused on showing the development of the internal market in natural gas as a result adopted the First and the Second Energy Package. A separate section was devoted to the characteristics of the sources of law regulating the natural gas market and included in the Third Energy Package. 2. Introduction In the process of creating a competitive and liberal gas market, the European Union obligation for Member States to take appropriate measures, including legislation, aimed at the integration of the European energy policies and the creation of a common energy union. European integration began with the adoption of EU treaties, through fundamental EU secondary legislation. Legislation should harmonize energy policies of the Member States. The European Union should take into consideration the level of economic development of each Member State. The new regulations should be implemented at a moderate pace, taking into account the stages of development of individual economies. The legislature treats the EU as a priority the creation of a fully competitive and liberal gas market. 3. Methodology In this work the author used the descriptive methodology, focusing on the discussion of legal regulations in the natural gas market. In this paper as a basic knowledge used binding and non-binding of EU law relating to the natural gas market. Descriptive method was the most frequently used in this paper with the analytical method. The last was used in the work in order to analyze the processes taking place in EU legislation over the years. The author presents the transformation of legal regulations in the natural gas introduced from the year 1951 to the current. Analysis of EU regulations allows us to see the emergence of new concepts related to the issue of energy security. 4. Conclusions Proposal presented in the work shows that regulations in the gas sector have a definite influence on the development of and transformation of the natural gas market of the Member States. The European Union has a number of legal acts regulates the most important issues related to the sector of natural gas, including in the energy security of the Member States. The importance of energy resources, especially natural gas, and material is not to be underestimated. Energy fuels are the guarantor of the independence of the country from external factors. Natural gas is the fuel constantly gaining in importance.



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