In Poland, tens of thousands of couples divorce every year, most of them are parents. Divorce has certain consequences for children, but the situation of children after divorce varies greatly. Legislation in force in Poland safeguards the child's best interests in a divorce situation. The article describes three variants of childcare after divorce: joint custody, single parenthood, reconstituted family. In each of these variants, there may be (but do not have to) certain treats, and everyone can also be a chance for a child to create a stable, friendly educational environment. Certainly, for a single/independent parent, reconciliation of childcare and upbringing with professional activity, housekeeping is a big challenge. It can also be difficult to spend time with a child constantly, lack of time to rest. Joint custody requires constant parents' contacts and arrangements after divorce, which may not be easy for them. In turn, in a reconstructed (patchwork) family there is a greater risk of conflicts, jealousy, alliances directed against one of the family members. However, examples of specific families show that it is possible to create a stable, safe environment for raising children after divorce, although it is certainly a big challenge requiring the maturity of both divorcing parents. From the point of view of child development, it seems more important what emotional climate will occur in the environment in which the child will live after divorce, how his/her parents will deal with the situation of separation and what strategies they will apply than what variant of childcare they will choose.