Prog Health Sci 2012 | 2(1) | 89-94
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Quality of life of patients after bariatric treatment – preliminary results

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Introduction: Obesity afflicts approximately 3,000,000 people in Poland. Co-morbidities develop mainly in connection with morbid obesity. Bad health conditions connected with obesity may decrease the health-related quality of life (HRQOL). A body mass index of 30-34 kg/m2, along with co-morbidities, could be a reco-mmendation for surgical treatment. Reduction of body mass may cause recovery or symptoms relief. Bariatric surgery is currently the most effective method of morbid obesity treatment. Purpose: To evaluate the quality of life of patients after bariatric treatment. Materials and methods: Research material was gathered in the 1st Department of General and Endocrinological Surgery, University Hospital in Bialystok, by applying standardized BAROS among 108 patients after bariatric treatment. The study group included 73 women (67.6%) and 35 men (32.4%), between 20 and 60 years old (average age ± 40 years), and with a BMI of 41-52 (average BMI 45.5). Results: In 18 patients (16.6%) laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) was applied, in 58 (53.8%) sleeve gastrectomy was performed, and in 32 patients (29.6%) Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) was applied. Significant difference (p<0. 0001) was stated in BMI according to the type of procedure. A higher reduction of BMI was obtained after RYGB than after LAGB and sleeve gastrectomy. Evaluation of quality of life was conducted six months after the surgery. No significant difference (p>0.05) was found in the quality of life depending on the surgery type. Complications that occurred after surgeries did not significantly influence the subjective evaluation of quality of life. Conclusions: The quality of life of the patients did not improve 6 months after bariatric surgery. This did not differ independently of weight loss in patients or of the type of surgery performed. Verifying obtained results after a longer period of time following the surgery is suggested
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