Trafficking in Human Beings as an Extreme Problem in Ukraine
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Problem of trafficking in people is extremely critical for the Ukrainian society, government and law enforcement. Ukraine is considered as one of the major source countries for trafficking of women and children together with the other Eastern European countries – former Eastern Soviet bloc countries such as Albania, Moldova, Romania, Bulgaria, Russia, Belarus. However, Ukraine is not only a source, but also a transit and destination country for men, women, and children trafficked for various forms of exploitation – forced labour, porno business, donors for the transplantation of tissues and organs, etc. Trafficking in human beings in some cases is controlled by large criminal organizations; however, the majority of trafficking is done by networks of smaller groups, each specializing in a certain area, like recruitment, transportation, advertising, or retail. Therefore, the definitions of this phenomenon, its forms and methods of counteracting, in particular legislative and judicial support, international cooperation are analyzed in the article.The counter-trafficking activities of the law enforcement, governmental and non-governmental organizations involved in combating trafficking in people are presented in the paper. It has been also suggested that the critical situation of trafficking in people in Ukraine requires consolidation of efforts by legislative, law enforcement and judicial bodies, central and local bodies of executive power and bodies of local administration as well as international and non-governmental organizations.
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