Republic of Kosovo Regulations on Tracing of Weapons and Ammunition
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The article focuses on the regulations that have lately been introduced by the Republic of Kosovo in the field of the civilian market of weapons and ammunition control. Between 2009 and 2011, the comprehensive Law on Weapons and several subsequent sub-legal acts were established. The main objective was to enhance the control over the weapon market for civilian use, limit the illegal possession of weapon in Kosovo and improve the effectiveness of law enforcement bodies performance in the field of combating illegal weapon trafficking. This article highlights the foundations, structure and content of the administrative instruction on weapons and ammunition tracing from the perspective of EU acquis and policy. Tracing is a systematic tracking of the history of firearms and in certain cases also their parts and ammunition; checking the background of the weapon and its users in order to identify the moment of shifting the weapon from legal into illegal market and detect the perpetrators operating in this shady business. Its main purpose is to assist the law enforcement bodies in detecting, investigating and analysing illicit manufacturing and illicit trafficking of weapons and ammunition. The article describes the content and structure of the tracing regulations, recalling the EU and UN legal framework that served as the basis for new primary and secondary legislation in Kosovo. Moreover, the article takes note of the technical, organizational and forensic solutions applied by Kosovo’s authorities (with the help of international community) with the aim to strengthen the impact of the new legal framework in practice and make combating arms related crime more effective.
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