Civilian Crisis Management Missions of the European Union
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The European Union is an international organization with a global reach, involved in world politics and the creation of order and security, fighting for respect for democratic principles and human rights. From the date of its formal establishment it has undergone many changes, including defence, becoming over time an active player in the global security scene. An important point on the way to the conducting of foreign operations by the European Union was the signing of the Petersburg Declaration, the signatories of which were the Member States of the Western European Union, founded in 1954 and which was marginalized in favour of NATO for almost 40 years.A very important tool for strengthening the political role is to engage in conducting crisis management operations, which in the case of the European Union may take one of two forms: civilian missions or military operations. Since the inception of the Common Security and Defence Policy up to the beginning of 2012, the European Union conducted 23 civilian and military operations. If you consider that the first of them – the police mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina, was launched in January 2003, the number of EU projects in the eight years can be regarded as significant. The analysis shows that efforts have so far been focused on conducting civilian missions and that they will be the basic form of the European Union crisis management operations in the future.In this article the author describes the main steps in setting up the Common Security and Defence Policy, provides the reader with a descriptive process of integrated planning and crisis management, considering the nature and various aspects of civilian crisis management missions.
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