Civilian Supervisory System of Over Police forces in Ireland and Poland. A Comparative — Legal Study
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The police formations in various countries of the European Union are required to ensure the adoption of institutional patterns to increase the efficiency of detection and improvement of the management system. The subject of the conducted analysis described in this article are the adopted solutions, new forms of supervision of police formations in Ireland and in Poland and their assessment. The article details the provisions of the act adopted in 2015 and entitled Garda Siochana (Policing Authority and Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 2015, in terms of functioning of the collegial supervisory authority named Policing Authority. Knowing the need to confront the Irish solutions with the Polish ones, the provisions of the draft law of 8 March 2017 were also examined amending the Act on certain rights of employees of the office that supports the Ministry of Interior and Administration as well as officers and employees of offices supervised by the minister as well as certain other laws under which is to be established Internal Supervision Office of the Ministry of Interior and Administration. The author describes the creation and functions of Policing Authority and the Internal Supervision Office at the Ministry of Interior and Administration, the powers of the members and the specificity of action of the listed institutions. The article not only attempts to organize a synthetic knowledge of Policing Authority and the Internal Supervision Office of the Ministry of Interior and Administration, but also focuses attention on a comparison of tasks, relations between the authorities and the minister and the method of financing and control of their current activities. Author focuses mainly on identifying the similarities and differences in the legal solutions determining the existence of both institutions.
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