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2012 | 2 | 2 | 161-166
Article title

Smoking and substance abuse among nurses in Turkey: A systematic literature analysis

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Abstracts
EN
Background: It is necessary that physicians, nurses, other health professionals and even medical students and students of nursing and midwifery schools abstain from smoking. Those who are already smokers should quit or make sure that patients are not around when smoking. Purpose: This study aims to examine the substance abuse among nurses, the substances that they mostly abuse and affecting factors in light of previous studies conducted in Turkey. Method: Systematic literature review. Results: Studies conducted in Turkey show that smoking rate among nurses varies between 42.3% to 68.6%, while quit rate varies between 6% to 12.7%. Unfortunately, these results are quite high. Being a widow/widower, having divorced, presence of a mental problem requiring treatment, and being a high school graduate increase the likelihood of smoking. Nurses with a university degree start smoking at the age of 21 or above. The leading reason for smoking is social environment and friends, followed by stress/boredom and pretension/enjoyment. Conclusion: Organizing educational programs and campaigns for all nurses, especially for the students of nursing and health vocational schools, which focus on the negative effects of smoking and quitting, and making changes in the curricula of health-related programs so that students get familiar with the topic as early as in the first year of their education, would make the fight against substance abuse more effective
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2
Issue
2
Pages
161-166
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author
author
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Publication order reference
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bwmeta1.element.ceon.element-e0c872a6-8565-3ca3-96d3-60eb899e5f2d
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