An Outline of the Legal Protection of Air in Poland and the European Union
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Air Protection is clearly an issue regulated both under Polish, as well as international, law especially European Union law. The area of this regulation is part of wide-ranging environmental protection issues, the essence of which should be considered mainly in the light of the numerous socio-economic transformations of the late twentieth century, as well as the development of the structures of the European Union and the Polish membership of this organisation since 2004. Currently, the broad regulations on air protection have been amended many times already by the Act of 27 April 2001. Environmental Protection Law and implementing Acts issued on its basis, define first and foremost the principles for the protection of the environment and conditions for the use of its resources, taking into account the requirements of sustainable development and, in particular, the rules determining the conditions of conservation of the environment, the conditions for the introduction of substances or energy into the environment, the costs of using the environment as well as the responsibilities of authorities and responsibilities and sanctions. Its provisions do not apply to matters covered in nuclear law and in respect of the obligation to hold a permit, issue a decision on an acceptable level of noise, or pay fees in the case of conducting rescue operations, as well as the noise arising in connection with the widespread use of the environment. This article includes the issues of formation and characteristics of the current normative regulations relating to the protection of the air as part of the environment both in regard to Polish, as well as foreign, legislation.
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