Inability to adequately heat a dwelling in the European Union and associated countries’ households
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The purpose of the study presented in the article is to determine the level of energy poverty in households of the European Union (EU) and associated countries, pronounced on the basis of the household's inability to supply its dwellings with adequate heat levels. The method of systematic literature review was applied. An analysis based on Statistics Poland and Eurostat data included the results of the EU-SILC research conducted in the years 2009-2018. The analysis indicated that the average number of households unable to sufficiently heat their homes is decreasing in Europe. However, in some countries, such as Macedonia, Lithuania or Bulgaria, the number of households experiencing energy poverty is still high. In Poland, the scale of this problem is smaller than the EU average. In order to conduct an in-depth analysis for Poland, an assessment was made of the correlation between the energy poverty rate and the average income per person in a household and the level of economic poverty. For this purpose the r-Pearson correlation coefficient was applied.
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