Working model of a physical education based spastic movement disorder correction system aimed at tender age children
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The article describes modern modeling of physical rehabilitation processes for persons with musculoskeletal system disorders, and reveals a significant deficiency of this aspect in modern rehabilitation systems. Most of the developments in this field are based on practical, empirical experience of rehabilitation activities for a specific category of children. This is understandable but does not prevent mistakes in the strategy and tactics of long-term physical rehabilitation. It is necessary to have clear conceptual guidelines for the most effective process of physical rehabilitation concerning tender age children with spastic movement disorders. This can be achieved by pre-modeling the system of adaptive physical education of babies with spastic paresis. A structured and logically constructed model construction of the rehabilitation system includes four effective blocks: monitoring of physical development and spastic motor disorders (I), which is itself divided into medical, pedagogical, psychological; corrective measures (II) strategies and tactics, including a general correction program for the typological subgroup of children with spastic paresis and an individual correction program for normalizing the motor status of a particular child; correction of motor disorders of spastic type (III), which provides the means and methods of correctional physical education of tender age children with spastic motor disorders. The latter include: game, hypercorrection, contraindications, sufficient repetition of exercises, objectivity, and individual load differentiation; control and correction of the correction process (IV), which provides for permanent control over the components of the motor rehabilitation system, starting with the monitoring of physical development and ending with the peculiarities of the work correction process by means of physical education. Intra-system relations between all components of the working model are envisaged, and the priority of individual components of a perspective modeled system is considered. The model provides an invariant component of the system of adaptive physical education, universal for different children with spastic syndrome, as well as a variational component, which provides differentiation and individualization of corrective tactics for each specific child and its peculiarities of psychophysical development. The pre-designed working model of the correction system of movement disorders spastic forms of tender age children by physical education means will be tested in the process of forming a pedagogical experiment, which will make the necessary corrections both in the structural construction of this general rehabilitation system and in the substantive filling of its internal components.
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