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2010 | 9 | 353-375

Article title

THE THIRD CONVENT OF SAINT FRANCIS IN SILESIA IN THE FIRST HALF OF THE 20TH CENTURY (Trzeci Zakon sw. Franciszka na Slasku wpierwszej polowie XX wieku)


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Between the 19th and the 20th centuries, the largest branch of the Order of Friars Minor was formed by the members of the Third Order of Saint Francis, commonly called the Tertiaries. This term equally included even secular priests, both male and female. The encyclical of Leo XIII of September 17, 1882 Auspicato recommended the dissemination of the Third Order as a form of evangelical life in the world. This papal recommendation was often cited, showing the Tertiary movement as one of the most coveted forms of Christian life, which also includes the obligation to perform certain duties. One could say that during the pontificate of Leo XIII, the Third Order of Saint Francis was reformed and once again started to develop within the Church. The end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th was the period of rebirth and the blossoming of the Tertiary family - even the highest pontiffs became interested in this group, publishing 13 various documents about them.In the history of the Catholic Church in Silesia, the Tertiaries constituted a disciplined and fervent church organization, which was not solely due to the Franciscans but also because of the diocesan clergy and their secular followers. The majority of priests had quite a favorable view of the tertiary groups. In the 19th century, the Third Order of Saint Francis from the province of Saint Hedwig of Friars Minor was one of the most important areas of ministry, which provided the material support for various ecclesiastical agendas. For this reason, the Franciscans gave particular attention to this form of ministry. At the beginning of the 20th century, the Tertiary movement in Silesia was not organized legally; the communities were within the parishes, but they did not have the appropriate documentation. Believers were usually welcomed at the Third Order as a part of humanitarian work or during spiritual rituals that were performed in the parishes. Parts of the Tertiaries took or even oversaw the taking of vows during the meetings arranged for them in the convents at Mount Saint Anne or Panewniki. Magazines for the Tertiaries were very important in the Third Order's ministry, and appeared in both Polish and German. The Glos sw. Franciszka (in Polish) was distributed in upper Silesia, while the Franziskusbote's readers were found in lower Silesia and in the Valley of Klodzko.



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Publication order reference


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