EVALUATION OF THE INTERNAL RATE OF RETURN FOR INVESTMENT IN HIGHER EDUCATION
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Surveys conducted in some of the world's most developed countries have demonstrated that there is a positive relationship between the level of education and the level of income. According to the human capital theory, this effect is due to the growth of productivity. But education is also associated with costs. These costs can be divided into the direct costs of studying and opportunity costs. Thanks to the existence of measurable costs and effects, it is possible to assess the profitability of education. In order to measure the effects of investment in higher education, under the human capital theory, it is necessary to use a function in which the dependent variable is the level of income and the independent variables are age, education, and professional experience. However, this method cannot be used to determine whether or not studying is profitable, because it does not consider the costs of studying. The authors evaluate the profitability of investment in higher education in 2002, 2004 and 2006 using the internal rate of return (IRR) method. The IRR method is commonly used to evaluate the profitability of companies' long-term investments. It makes it possible to take into account not only the level of effects and costs, but also the moment when they appear. A key advantage of this method is that it makes it possible to compare the effectiveness of investment in education with other kinds of investments. The evaluation made by the authors showed that the rate of return was lower than 15 percent but higher than 16 percent, which means it was higher than the risk-free rate of return. In all, the obtained results show that investment in higher education in Poland is profitable. The analysis also demonstrated that the profitability of investment in higher education depends on sex. Men can obtain a higher rate of return than women. Another conclusion is that the profitability of studying can be affected not only by the income level but also by its time distribution.
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