PL EN


2006 | 30 | 533-540
Article title

Peculiarities of Adjectives in Lithuanian local Dialects of Poland

Selected contents from this journal
Title variants
Languages of publication
LT
Abstracts
EN
The dialects and subdialects isolated from mainland dialectal areas with national borders always tend to have specific features. They retain diverse lexical and grammatical archaisms and contain interesting innovations typical of their territories. The aforementioned peculiarities are also typical of the Punsk and Sejny local dialects in Poland. They have retained nominal endings of adjectives in more cases than other dialects and have not changed them to pronominal endings (e.g., piktu 'angry dat. sing.', linksmu 'cheerful, dat. sing.' etc.). They have also better retained some of u-stem adjectival cases (e.g. saurum 'severe, instr. sing.', smarkus 'intense, acc. pl.', etc.). The most prominent difference between these local dialects and mainland dialects of the Lithuanian language is declension of pronominal adjectives. Thus masculine gender pronominal adjectives of Sejny and Punsk regional dialects acquire the permanent all-paradigm fragment -uj- (e.g., gerujo 'the good one, gen. sing.', gerujam 'the good one, dat. sing.', geruji 'the good one, acc. sing.', etc.). Such a declension is absent in other Lithuanian dialects. Feminine gender pronominal adjectives mostly gain the permanent all-paradigm fragment -oj- (geroja 'the good one, nom. sing. f.', gerojos 'the good one, gen. sing. f.', gerojai 'the good one, dat. sing. f.'). All the eastern and southern dialects of Lithuania have high-level disappearance of the said adjectives. When a paradigm partially disappears and some of the elements are still retained, attempts can be noticed in a language to reconstruct it. Yet, it is usually highly different from its predecessor paradigm.
Year
Volume
30
Pages
533-540
Physical description
Document type
ARTICLE
Contributors
  • J. Macukoniene, Vilnius Pedagogical University, Studentu 39, Vilnius, Lithuania
References
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
CEJSH db identifier
07PLAAAA02144526
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.d02e86f4-7798-3b0e-95e9-4f4bf5390845
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