Derivation and the phenomenon of loanwords (based on Slovak and Polish linguistic material)
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The aim of the article is to show the relationship between word-formation mechanisms and the phenomenon of word loaning in the process of enriching the lexical corpus of the contemporary Slovak language as compared to the Polish language. The high level of derivativeness of the two languages causes loanwords to become the basis for restructuring changes relatively easily and on a large scale, taking part in the transformation of the native lexis, to a slightly greater extent in the Slovak language. Their participation in the derivation process of the target language can be brought down to the role of word-formation foundations or the role of formants in the process of creation of new derivates and to the activation of foreign formants (usually suffixes) through competition with the native suffixes.
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