Systém významové výstavby narativního díla v návrhu pražského strukturalismu
THE SYSTEM OF THE SEMANTIC STRUCTURE OF A NARRATIVE WORK AS PROPOSED BY THE PRAGUE STRUCTURALISTS
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The study strives to represent a connected system of semantic construction proposed by Prague structuralism, and mainly by Felix Vodicka. This system was never presented in a form of a single study, but its suggestions are scattered in various studies that deal with the questions of semantic construction and questions of the literary work's identity. Prague structuralism in the form of Vodicka's or Mukarovsky's suggestions did not strive for the presentation of an integral system (such as that proposed by Roman Ingarden), because the need was not felt to make such statements, nor did the contemporary literary theory aim yet to similar designating projects. Still this complex system of structural semantic construction of the work was an enduring part of the studies that were arising in the 30's and 40's, it had recognizable, rather solid and stable outlines and rules, and de facto it represents a methodological resource for the structural analysis of a literary work. In this form, it is possible to consider it one of the essential contributions of the Prague school not only to the Czech literary theory. This study attempts at proving incorrect the traditional apprehension that the Prague structuralism did not present a sustained system of semantic construction, and obversely, to prove that such a system did exist and was a conscious part of the Czech structuralists' works, and it only was not proclaimed.
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