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2006 | 6 | 5-16

Article title

BETWEEN ART AND COMMERCIALISM. LATE RENAISSANCE OCCASIONAL AND DEDICATEE MUSIC IN ROYAL PRUSSIA (Miedzy sztuka a komercja: póznorenesansowa muzyka okolicznosciowa i holdownicza w Prusach Królewskich)

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In the last decades of the 16th century in Royal Prussia as well as in other Lutheran countries more and more occasional works started to appear, which were commissioned by the rich bourgeoisie or were dedicated to them. The vast majority of these compositions were epithalamia, which not only graced wedding ceremonies, but also emphasised the status of the newly-weds. Such works were presumably a significant source of income both for those musicians who had permanent positions and for those who were temporarily unemployed. Such works could also contribute to the growth of popularity of a particular composer among the bourgeoisie. At the beginning of the 17th century the wedding compositions appearing in Royal Prussia changed from Latin compositions of a motet-like character to strophic German songs. Apart from epithalamia there were works of a dedicatory character, most often offered to the councillors of the Hanseatic towns. For such 'gifts' their authors were usually remunerated by the city authorities. Some composers as, for example, Johannes Wanning or Petrus de Drusina, wrote occasional works from time to time. For others as, for example, Johannes Celscher or the royal choirmaster, Johannes Eccard, this was one of the mainstays of their creative activity. Works of an occasional character were written most frequently by those musicians who were guests in Royal Prussia, among whom may be counted Valentin Hausmann and Conrad Hagius.






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  • Agnieszka Leszczynska, Uniwersytet Warszawski, Instytut Muzykologii, ul. Krakowskie Przedmiescie 32, 00-927 Warszawa, Poland


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