LEPSIUS No. XXV: A PROBLEM OF TYPOLOGY
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The author discusses several problems related to the typological determination of the tomb known as Lepsius no. XXV (L 25) recently excavated by the Czech Institute of Egyptology (Charles University in Prague) at Abusir in Egypt. The archaeological excavations revealed a large tomb with badly damaged tomb's superstructure and substructure. The whole tomb can be divided into two parts, eastern and western. In both parts of the tomb's substructure a descending corridor built in the north-south direction and remains of the burial chamber were uncovered. In the eastern part of the tomb's superstructure an entrance with part of a corridor leading deeper into the core of the superstructure was discovered. No traces of any relief decoration were preserved. Some graffiti were found during the excavations including inscriptions in which two signs for the pyramid occur. Very modest remains of the burial equipment and other artefacts including anthropological finds were also discovered during the excavations. In several publications this tomb was described by the excavators as a double pyramid. This study challenges the conclusion that L 25 is to be interpreted as the double pyramid. In this paper the author argues in favour of an alternative interpretation, according to which the architectural remains of the L 25 tomb from the typological point of view indicate rather a mastaba than a double pyramid.
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