TRENDY V KORUPCI A SPOLEČENSKÝ KAPITÁL
Corruption trends and social capital
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This article examines corruption trends in a sample of more than hundred countries. In the first part it documents that approximately 30 countries and three regions have the significant corruption trends, measured by Kendall's. Regarding the main regions in the world, corruption is increasing in Africa and in post-communist Europe as well, while the countries in the Orient are becoming less corrupt. The residuals from a standard corruption model show systematic variation that corresponds to the meagre information available on social capital. For a sub-sample of 22 European countries some social capital data are available, measured as generalised trusts scores. The article documents that the main force driving the variation in corruption trend are underlying trends in social capital. In practical level is the problem of corruption brought to the concrete economic-political conjunctions. The recent advances in social capital research imply that curbing income inequality and investing in education, overall institutional quality and political stability could result in more trusting populations.
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