PARLAMENT OF THE FIFTH REPUBLIC (Parlament w czasach V Republiki)
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It is often agreed that the system of government of the Fifth Republic means the end of sovereignty of the Parliament, which was hitherto associated with French democracy. The Parliament, that has previously enjoyed independence, was reduced to the rank of a public authority of the second level in relation to the restored executive power. However, it turns out that in the practice of the Fifth Republic, we have to deal with the recovery of the Parliament, rather that its decline. The hegemony of the executive power has not managed to eliminate the Parliament from the law making process. On the contrary, a trend to restore an institutional balance or to return a parliamentary system of government can be seen. Even if the legislative activity of the Parliament has been actually reduced, its oversight function has been restored. This oversight includes numerous procedures (holding the government accountable, various forms of rendering information as well as passing European legislative proposals by both chambers). The Renaissance of Parliament is also reflected in an increased importance of investigative committees. The oversight function is exercised by Parliament mostly by exerting influence on the government's policy, rather than holding the government accountable and depriving it of its powers.
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