Stanislaw Kutrzeba (1876 - 1946) was born in the Cracow middle-class family. He studied law at Jagellonian University where took a doctor's degree and qualified himself as assistant professor in the realm of the history of Polish law. His academic career was very complicated. Kutrzeba was discriminated by the part of professors because of his middle-class provenience. After many defeats and disappointments, in 1908, he got a longed-for Department of the History of Polish Law. His productive scientific and didactic activity was stopped by the outbreak of World War I. Then he sacrificed himself for a politics and engaged himself in the development of the Polish Academy of Arts and Sciences. That is why a year 1914 is such a significant turning point in his scientific biography.