SANSKRIT: AN ANALYSIS IN TERMS OF HAUGEN'S THEORYOF LANGUAGE PLANNING
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The aim of the article is to overview the methods of language planning - a subdiscipline of Applied Socio-linguistics which is concerned with the deliberate manipulation of language in the interests of a perceived social good. Einar Haugen's pioneering work into the way that is effected by modern governments and others provides a framework by which this procedure may be studied. One possible object for analysis by means of this framework is Sanskrit, a language codified in a linguistically sophisticated manner over two thousand years ago by Panini. Such an analysis shows that Sanskrit indeed meets the normal criteria for being considered a planned language and may be profitably studied following this approach. Such an examination permits an observation of the long-term effects of language planning in the context of a linguistic environment in which naturally evolving languages are used side-by-side with the planned language and there are significant interactions. Such explorations can clarify the potential effects of being more or less rigidly planned on the languages resulting from modern language planning projects.
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