From the end of the seventies Chinese economic achievements attracted the whole world's unflagging attention. The sources of the long-lasting development success are many while the specific conditions of modern Chinese uniqueness should be searched even in many thousand of years of shaping a different civilization. Thus, to some degree it concerns also separate elements of the current strategic and tactical concepts, and especially the dynamic economic growth philosophy on the market terms - with only some aberrations, at the same time keeping the authoritarian political system that liberalizes itself insignificantly and slowly. After many years of rapid growth China gained export surpluses not only when it comes to the traditional consumable articles but also in the area of electronics, certain industrial appliances etc., which shows the gradually growing industrial versatility. With strong development of its own scientific-research area, it is also important that foreign direct investments from many world countries, including Taiwan, enter the Chinese market in record quantities. Chinese development dynamics already caused significant prosperity growth in some regions, however, chosen parts of the rural economy stay outside the area of the intensive growth. One also has to notice that the extremely quick growth creates potentially different kinds of threats to the economic balance and structural transformation in China.