Personality Psychology: Current Status and Prospects For the Future
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The author wants to consider the current status and future of the field of personality psychology, often basing his observations on his own research and theoretical interests. He begins by summarizing what he has to say in terms of three points of emphasis: First, the field of personality can be viewed in terms of three disciplines - trait, social cognitive, and psychodynamic - each associated with its own empirical procedures and observations. That is, each is associated with its own form of personality data but all represent relevant data. Second, there is a need in the field for a dynamic systems perspective, one that emphasizes the interplay among the parts of the personality system in the course of the person's ongoing transactions with the physical and interpersonal environment. Third, in the future personality psychologists increasingly will have to integrate findings from biopsychology and neuroscience into their theories and research questions. This raises the question of how they can create bridges across levels of analysis and avoid the problem of reductionism. In other words, there is the issue of how personality psychologists will address the mind-body problem.
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