PL EN


2005 | 49 | 1(179) | 63-78
Article title

COINS OF THE 10th AND 11th CENTURIES FROM OLD POMERANIAN FINDS IN THE NATIONAL MUSEUM IN WARSAW

Authors
Title variants
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
In July 1969 the National Museum in Warsaw (MMW) purchased from a private person 28 complete and 22 fragments of early medieval coins. Four localities mentioned: Londzyn, Kr. Lobau; Abbau Fischershutte, Kr. Karthaus; Hornikau, Kr. Berent and Dombrowo showed that the relics come from the Municipal Museum in Gdansk (Westpreussisches Provinzial-Museum in Danzig), whose numismatic collections was lost at the end of WW II. Their last owner inherited them from his father, who right after the war lived in Kartuzy. This is where the coins by accident found their way to. The hoard found at Dabrowa (Dombrowo) contained at least 4 kg of silver coins, bars and ornaments. The part preserved in the NMW includes four coins, two of them quite interesting. These are half-bracteates resembling denarii of Bernhard II (1011-1059) from Luneburg (Dbg 587-588), as well as cross-denarii of Type 1. The raised edge and relatively small weight point out the mints of eastern Friesland or northern Saxony. Luneburg and Stade and the period of issue might be cautiously referred to the beginning of the 11th century. The hoard of Horniki (Hornikau) was found in 1890; originally it contained more than 3 kg of coins, ornaments and silver bars. All the coins preserved in the NMW (14 pieces) date to the first half of the 11th century, the latest being a Bohemian coin of Bretislav I (1037-1055) - fragment of the Cach 308 Type. The hoard discovered in 1887 at Lazyn (Londzyn) weighed about 2400 g, apart from bars and ornaments it contained 1098 complete coins, 20 halves and more than 620 fragments. Among the 21 coins preserved in the NMW, the most interesting is the complex of 10 sachsenpfennige the occurrence of which helps understand the structure of the entire hoard and confirms the find's dating to the years after 1135. The hoard from Rybaki (Abbau Fischershutte) was discovered in 1896 only to be immediately dispersed. The 11 coins now in the NMW add the mints of Erfurt and Soest to the list of those represented in the hoard, as the coins of those variants were formerly identified as coming from Franconia (Erfurt) and Cologne (Soest). (5 figures)
Discipline
Year
Volume
49
Issue
Pages
63-78
Physical description
Document type
ARTICLE
Contributors
author
  • M. Widawski, Instytut Archeologii i Etnologii PAN, al. Solidarnosci 105, 00-140 Warszawa, Poland
References
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
CEJSH db identifier
06PLAAAA01493299
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.da8c073a-44e4-3a12-8044-966387d11bd7
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